Whilst clear cases of involuntary euthanasia would be relatively rare (for example, where a shoots b without b's consent, to save her from falling into the hands of a sadistic torturer), it has been argued that some widely-accepted medical practices (such as the administration of increasingly large doses of pain killing drugs that will. The ultimate object of the euthanasia society is based on the totalitarian principle that the state is supreme and that the individual does not have the right to live if his continuance in life is a burden or hindrance to the state. Legalising euthanasia would have for societythey state that governments have a duty to protect society as a whole, as opposed to individual citizens and that allowing euthanasia could harm societytherefore, they argue that governments should balance an individual's right to die against potential negative consequences for the wider community. Right to die against potential negative consequences for within society eg the terminally ill, severely disabled the wider community on the other hand, proponents individuals or the elderly would be euthanised as a rule.
According to this principle, euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide are always illicit acts, while the same is not said for other actions that bring about patient's death as a foreseen effect, namely, palliative treatments that hasten death or failure or interruption of life support. 10 see generally margaret c jasper, the right to die 1 (1996) (suggesting that primitive societies viewed assisting dying as act of mercy and respecting ill people and modern society views assisting dying as compassionate and merciful. Active euthanasia is when someone other than the patient, typically a medical professional, directly causes the patient'sdeath active euthanasia can be either voluntary. Euthanasia is the deliberate advancement of a person's death for the benefit of that person in most cases euthanasia is carried out because the person asks to die, but there are cases where a person can't make such a request.
Passive euthanasia is generally accepted, although not without controversy, in the united states as an individual's right to refuse medical treatment examples of passive euthanasia include turning off respirators, stopping medication, discontinuing food and water, or failing to resuscitate. James rachels on active and passive euthanasia (in james e white text) the conventional doctrine (endorsed by the american medical association): in certain situations, passive euthanasia (letting die) is morally permissible. On the other hand, there is passive euthanasia which is usually defined as refusal of medical treatment with the intention of causing the patient's death it means that the patient with incurable illness, no chance to get better and where the death is irrevocable has right to refuse all treatment innervations. According to the congregation for the doctrine of the faith, declaration on euthanasia, 1980: due proportion in the use of remedies today it is very important to protect, at the moment of death, both the dignity of the human person and the christian concept of life, against a technological attitude that threatens to become an abuse. From doctor and writer karen hitchcock to the australian medical association, there seems to be broad consensus about the relevance of a doctrine called double effect in end-of-life care.
By definition, assisted suicide is a type of euthanasia or good death, a term associated with ending a patient's suffering by causing death (webster, 1995) euthanasia is categorized as either active or passive. Cannot universalise killing, but can universalise allowing those in pain to die - kant cannot justify suicide and then logically euthanasia however, kant could argue a person's ends are best served by ending suffering. Medical aspects: the world medical community states that both 'euthanasia' and physician assisted suicide is in direct conflict with the basic ethical principles of medical science.
In relation to active voluntary euthanasia, it was the opinion of the select committee that the right to refuse medical treatment 'is far removed from the right to request assistance in dying'(204) thus, although the select committee strongly endorsed the right of a competent patient to refuse consent to any medical treatment,(205) it refused. The acceptance of both forms of euthanasia seems to us implied by a fitting respect for the right to live and die with dignity cortical death the most difficult questions of euthanasia may arise when individuals are in an unconscious state or coma and are unable to convey their wishes. The further related argument is that euthanasia is simply another form of medical treatment the right to refuse treatment is not based on a right to die and both the intention of the physician and the causation of death are radically different in those cases as compared with euthanasia.
Bookshelf a natural right to die:twenty-three centuries of debate by beth eisendrath many people are concerned about the right to choose how and when to die, for. The right to die draws on three strains that have worked their way through american law in the past century: the right to control one's own body, the right to privacy, and the due process liberty interest. Euthanasia advocates claim that doctors are acting in a hypocritical way, hiding under the doctrine of double effect, when in fact their primary intention is to kill the patients providing necessary pain relief, even if it shortens life, is not euthanasia unless the intent was to kill. Joseph fletcher, 'the patients right to die' in ab downing (ed) euthanasia and the right to die: the case for voluntary euthanasia (peter owen, 1977) 61, 69  un general assembly, universal declaration of human rights , 10 december 1948, 217 a (iii) article i.